There are over 150 different species of mosquitoes in the US. Only female mosquitoes suck blood, as male mosquitoes feed on plant nectars. These blood-feeding insects target their prey using sensors to detect carbon dioxide, perspiration, lactic acid and body heat. This makes humans a prime target, and although they are extremely annoying, they also present health risks.
Mosquitoes are considered a potential health risk because they have the ability to transmit a variety of serious diseases including West Nile virus and the Zika virus. Mosquitoes have also been known to spread malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, and encephalitis among others.
WHY DO I HAVE THEM?
Mosquitoes are attracted to standing water because it is where females lay their eggs. Mosquitoes aren’t picky and will breed in any form of stagnant water – ponds, marshes, floodwaters, storm drains, a puddle, a clogged gutter, a bird bath, old tires, or a soda bottle will all do.
If you’ve got a mosquito problem and there isn’t any standing water around your property, then you probably have a water leak somewhere. Inspect areas that contain a drainage pump or sprinkler systems on the outside. If there is a problem inside check your house plants, appliances that hold water and check plumbing for leaks.
TIPS FOR CONTROL
- Eliminate areas of standing water
- Keep your lawn cut short
- Limit activity outside at dusk and dawn
- Wear clothing that covers your body
- Screen windows and doors
- Remove items that collect water