Latin Name:Family Culicidae
Length:1/4 - 3/8 in
Color:Mostly Gray/Brown
Sounds:Buzzing Sound
Digestive Tract:Yes


There are over 150 different species of mosquitoes in the US. Only female mosquitoes suck blood, as male mosquitoes feed on plant nectars. These blood-feeding insects target their prey using sensors to detect carbon dioxide, perspiration, lactic acid and body heat. This makes humans a prime target, and although they are extremely annoying, they also present health risks.

Mosquitoes are considered a potential health risk because they have the ability to transmit a variety of serious diseases including West Nile virus and the Zika virus. Mosquitoes have also been known to spread malaria, yellow fever, dengue fever, and encephalitis among others.


Mosquitoes are attracted to standing water because it is where females lay their eggs. Mosquitoes aren’t picky and will breed in any form of stagnant water – ponds, marshes, floodwaters, storm drains, a puddle, a clogged gutter, a bird bath, old tires, or a soda bottle will all do.

If you’ve got a mosquito problem and there isn’t any standing water around your property, then you probably have a water leak somewhere. Inspect areas that contain a drainage pump or sprinkler systems on the outside. If there is a problem inside check your house plants, appliances that hold water and check plumbing for leaks.


Long-term mosquito control always involves removing the source materials that help them breed. Additional tips for prevention:

  • Eliminate areas of standing water
  • Keep your lawn cut short
  • Limit activity outside at dusk and dawn
  • Wear clothing that covers your body
  • Screen windows and doors
  • Remove items that collect water